Persistent Item – E77

E77 Persistent Item

Scope note:

This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy. They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names. The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge. The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties.

Examples:

  • Leonard da Vinci
  • Stonehenge
  • the hole in the ozone layer
  • the First Law of Thermodynamics
  • the Bermuda Triangle

In First Order Logic:

  • E77(x) ⊃ E1(x)
  • E77(x) ⊃ S15(x)

Scope Notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy. They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names. The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge. The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties. en 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
Leonard da Vinci Stonehenge the hole in the ozone layer the First Law of Thermodynamics the Bermuda Triangle en WIP 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier : E77

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Seiendes * de 2018-06-22 0
Ον * el 2018-06-22 0
Persistent Item * en 2018-06-22 0
Entité persistante * fr 2018-06-22 0
Entidade Persistente * pt 2018-06-22 0
Постоянная Сущность * ru 2018-06-22 0
持续性项目 * zh 2018-06-22 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2020-08-26

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Comments
E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2 0
S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 1.2.3 CRMsci version 1.2.3 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2

Childs and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace
E18 Physical Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E19 Physical Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E20 Biological Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E21 Person 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E21 Person 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E22 Man-Made Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E22 Man-Made Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E25 Man-Made Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E25 Man-Made Feature 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E27 Site 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E28 Conceptual Object 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E29 Design or Procedure 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E29 Design or Procedure 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E30 Right 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E33 Linguistic Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E33 Linguistic Object 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E34 Inscription 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E34 Inscription 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E34 Inscription 8 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E35 Title 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E35 Title 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E35 Title 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E37 Mark 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E37 Mark 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E38 Image 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E38 Image 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E39 Actor 1 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E40 Legal Body 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E40 Legal Body 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E41 Appellation 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E41 Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E42 Identifier 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E42 Identifier 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E44 Place Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E44 Place Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E45 Address 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E45 Address 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E46 Section Definition 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E46 Section Definition 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E47 Spatial Coordinates 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E47 Spatial Coordinates 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E48 Place Name 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E48 Place Name 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E49 Time Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E49 Time Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E50 Date 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E50 Date 7 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E51 Contact Point 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E51 Contact Point 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E55 Type 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E56 Language 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E57 Material 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E58 Measurement Unit 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E70 Thing 1 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E71 Man-Made Thing 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E72 Legal Object 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E73 Information Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E73 Information Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E74 Group 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E74 Group 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E75 Conceptual Object Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E75 Conceptual Object Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E78 Collection 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E78 Collection 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E82 Actor Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E82 Actor Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E84 Information Carrier 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E84 Information Carrier 6 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E90 Symbolic Object 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E90 Symbolic Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
F1 Work 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F2 Expression 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F2 Expression 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F3 Manifestation Product Type 3 FRBRoo version 2.4
F3 Manifestation Product Type 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F4 Manifestation Singleton 4 FRBRoo version 2.4
F4 Manifestation Singleton 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F5 Item 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F5 Item 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F6 Concept 4 FRBRoo version 2.4
F7 Object 4 FRBRoo version 2.4
F10 Person 3 FRBRoo version 2.4
F10 Person 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F11 Corporate Body 3 FRBRoo version 2.4
F11 Corporate Body 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F12 Nomen 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F12 Nomen 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F13 Identifier 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F13 Identifier 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F14 Individual Work 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F15 Complex Work 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F16 Container Work 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F17 Aggregation Work 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F18 Serial Work 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F18 Serial Work 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F19 Publication Work 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F20 Performance Work 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F21 Recording Work 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F22 Self-Contained Expression 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F22 Self-Contained Expression 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F23 Expression Fragment 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F23 Expression Fragment 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F24 Publication Expression 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F24 Publication Expression 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F25 Performance Plan 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F25 Performance Plan 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F25 Performance Plan 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F26 Recording 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F26 Recording 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F34 KOS 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F34 KOS 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F34 KOS 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F35 Nomen Use Statement 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F35 Nomen Use Statement 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F36 Script Conversion 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F36 Script Conversion 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F38 Character 4 FRBRoo version 2.4
F39 Family 3 FRBRoo version 2.4
F39 Family 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F43 Identifier Rule 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F43 Identifier Rule 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F44 Bibliographic Agency 4 FRBRoo version 2.4
F44 Bibliographic Agency 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F50 Controlled Access Point 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F50 Controlled Access Point 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F53 Material Copy 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F53 Material Copy 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F53 Material Copy 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
F53 Material Copy 8 FRBRoo version 2.4
F54 Utilized Information Carrier 6 FRBRoo version 2.4
F54 Utilized Information Carrier 7 FRBRoo version 2.4
SP4 Spatial Coordinate Reference System 6 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP4 Spatial Coordinate Reference System 7 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP5 Geometric Place Expression 5 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP5 Geometric Place Expression 6 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP5 Geometric Place Expression 7 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP5 Geometric Place Expression 8 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP6 Declarative Place 5 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP7 Declarative Spacetime Volume 5 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP10 Declarative Time-Span 5 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP11 Temporal Reference System 6 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP11 Temporal Reference System 7 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP12 Spacetime Volume Expression 5 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP12 Spacetime Volume Expression 6 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP14 Time Expression 5 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP14 Time Expression 6 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP14 Time Expression 7 CRMgeo version 1.2
SP15 Geometry 6 CRMgeo version 1.2
S9 Property Type 5 CRMsci version 1.2.3
S10 Material Substantial 2 CRMsci version 1.2.3
S11 Amount of Matter 3 CRMsci version 1.2.3
S12 Amount of Fluid 4 CRMsci version 1.2.3
S13 Sample 4 CRMsci version 1.2.3
S14 Fluid Body 3 CRMsci version 1.2.3
S20 Physical Feature 4 CRMsci version 1.2.3
S22 Segment of Matter 5 CRMsci version 1.2.3
A2 Stratigraphic Volume Unit 6 CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A3 Stratigraphic Interface 6 CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A8 Stratigraphic Unit 5 CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
D1 Digital Object 5 CRMdig version 3.2
D1 Digital Object 6 CRMdig version 3.2
D8 Digital Device 5 CRMdig version 3.2
D8 Digital Device 6 CRMdig version 3.2
D9 Data Object 6 CRMdig version 3.2
D9 Data Object 7 CRMdig version 3.2
D13 Digital Information Carrier 6 CRMdig version 3.2
D13 Digital Information Carrier 7 CRMdig version 3.2
D14 Software 6 CRMdig version 3.2
D14 Software 7 CRMdig version 3.2
D21 Person Name 6 CRMdig version 3.2
D21 Person Name 7 CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object 5 CRMdig version 3.2
D35 Area 5 CRMdig version 3.2
D35 Area 6 CRMdig version 3.2
D35 Area 7 CRMdig version 3.2

Related classes

Relation Class Justification Relation defined in View details Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) AP17 is found by (found) E1 CRM Entity CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) L47 has comment E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) L4 has preferred label E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) L53 is not uniquely identified by E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 1.2.3

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E5 Event P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E63 Beginning of Existence P92 brought into existence (was brought into existence by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E64 End of Existence P93 took out of existence (was taken out of existence by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P123 resulted in (resulted from) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P124 transformed (was transformed by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E1 CRM Entity AP17 is found by (found) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by (influenced) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by (motivated) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned (was assigned by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured (was measured by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified (was classified by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts (is depicted by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents (is documented in) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists (is listed in) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents (has representation) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on (supported type creation) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about (is subject of) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to (is referred to by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema (is thema of) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to (was assigned by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject (was typical subject of) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named (was named by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
S4 Observation O16 observed value (value was observed by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O8 observed (was observed by) E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S6 Data Evaluation O11 described (was described by) E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S21 Measurement O24 measured (was measured by) E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
D2 Digitization Process L60 documents E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object L43 annotates (is annotated by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2

Profiles using this class

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