Persistent Item – E77

E77 Persistent Item

Scope note:

This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy. They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names. The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge. The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties.

Examples:

  • Leonard da Vinci
  • Stonehenge
  • the hole in the ozone layer
  • the First Law of Thermodynamics
  • the Bermuda Triangle

In First Order Logic:

  • E77(x) ⊃ E1(x)
  • E77(x) ⊃ S15(x)

Scope Notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy. They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names. The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge. The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties. en 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
Leonard da Vinci Stonehenge the hole in the ozone layer the First Law of Thermodynamics the Bermuda Triangle en WIP 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier : E77

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Seiendes * de 2018-06-22 0
Ον * el 2018-06-22 0
Persistent Item * en 2018-06-22 0
Entité persistante * fr 2018-06-22 0
Entidade Persistente * pt 2018-06-22 0
Постоянная Сущность * ru 2018-06-22 0
持续性项目 * zh 2018-06-22 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2019-12-04

Parent classes

Class Justification Defined in namespace View association
E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 1.2.3

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Defined in namespace
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2

Childs and descendant classes

Class identifier Depth Defined in namespace
E39 Actor 1 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E70 Thing 1 CIDOC CRM version 6.2

Related classes

Relation Class Justification Defined in namespace View details

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) L47 has comment E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) L4 has preferred label E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) L53 is not uniquely identified by E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP7 existence is deduced from geovC7 Data entity Geovistory ongoing
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP12 same as E1 CRM Entity Geovistory ongoing
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP13 derived from E1 CRM Entity Geovistory ongoing
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) histP31 time-independent entity association E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, ongoing
E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 1.2.3

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E5 Event P12 occurred in the presence of E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E63 Beginning of Existence P92 brought into existence E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E64 End of Existence P93 took out of existence E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P123 resulted in E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P124 transformed E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
histC1 Time-related Persistent Item Characteristic histP4 pertains to E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, ongoing
socE Bond socP4 to E77 Persistent Item CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E1 CRM Entity geovP12 same as E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
E1 CRM Entity geovP13 derived from E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
E1 CRM Entity histP31 time-independent entity association E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, ongoing
E2 Temporal Entity histP1 involves E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, ongoing
E2 Temporal Entity histP30 has identity defining component E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, ongoing
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E73 Information Object geovP2 mentions E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
histC2 Geographical localisation histP12 is location of E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, ongoing
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
histC10 Appellation for language histP9 is appellation for language of (has appellation for language) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, ongoing
S4 Observation O16 observed value (value was observed by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O8 observed (was observed by) E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S6 Data Evaluation O11 described (was described by) E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S21 Measurement O24 measured (was measured by) E77 Persistent Item (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
geovC1 [Geovistory] Digital geovP11 refers to E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
D2 Digitization Process L60 documents E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object L43 annotates E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
geovC7 Data entity geovP8 corresponds to E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
Z2 Absorption Y9 absorbed E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) PRESSoo version 1.2
C1 Conference P2 is organized by E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity) OntoME sandbox Test namespace ongoing

Profiles using this class

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