Physical Feature – E26

E26 Physical Feature

Scope note:

This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects. Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not. Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colours, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature. This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of “bona fide objects”.

Examples:

  • the temple in Abu Simbel before its removal, which was carved out of solid rock
  • Albrecht Duerer's signature on his painting of Charles the Great
  • the damage to the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza
  • Michael Jackson’s nose prior to plastic surgery

In First Order Logic:

  • E26(x) ⊃ E18(x)

Incoming properties:

Scope Notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects. Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not. Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colours, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature. This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of “bona fide objects”. en 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the temple in Abu Simbel before its removal, which was carved out of solid rock Albrecht Duerer's signature on his painting of Charles the Great the damage to the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza Michael Jackson’s nose prior to plastic surgery en WIP 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier : E26

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Materielles Merkmal * de 2018-06-22 0
Υλικό Μόρφωμα * el 2018-06-22 0
Physical Feature * en 2018-06-22 0
Caractéristique matérielle * fr 2018-06-22 0
Característica Material * pt 2018-06-22 0
Физический Признак * ru 2018-06-22 0
实体外貌表征 * zh 2018-06-22 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2019-03-28

Parent classes

Class Justification Root namespace View association
E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Root namespace
E1 CRM Entity 3 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 4 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 6 CIDOC CRM
E70 Thing 3 CIDOC CRM
E72 Legal Object 2 CIDOC CRM
E77 Persistent Item 4 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 2 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 3 CIDOC CRM
Thing 4 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing 5 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing 6 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing 7 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume 2 CRMgeo: a Spatiotemporal Model
Feature 3 GeoSPARQL
SpatialObject 4 GeoSPARQL
S10 Material Substantial 2 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation
S15 Observable Entity 5 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation

Childs and descendant classes

Class identifier Depth Root namespace
E25 Man-Made Feature 1 CIDOC CRM
E27 Site 1 CIDOC CRM
F53 Material Copy 2 FRBRoo: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
Addr Address 3 symogih.org ontology
GeRe Geographic Region 3 symogih.org ontology
InSu Infrastructure Surface 3 symogih.org ontology
InPl Inhabited Place 3 symogih.org ontology
NaPl Named Place 2 symogih.org ontology
NaGF Natural Geographic Feature 3 symogih.org ontology
Terr Territory 3 symogih.org ontology
histC8 Geographical Place 1 CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability
Place 2 APIS - Austrian Bibliographic Lexicon Namespace
D35 Area 1 CRMdig: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support provenance metadata

Related classes

Relation Class Justification Defined in namespace View details

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) L47 has comment E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) L4 has preferred label E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) L53 is not uniquely identified by E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP7 existence is deduced from geovC7 Data entity Geovistory ongoing
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP12 same as E1 CRM Entity Geovistory ongoing
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP13 derived from E1 CRM Entity Geovistory ongoing
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) histP31 time-independent entity association E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, v. 0.1 ongoing
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P44 has condition E3 Condition State CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P45 consists of E57 Material CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P46 is composed of E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P49 has former or current keeper E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P50 has current keeper E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P51 has former or current owner E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P52 has current owner E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P53 has former or current location E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P58 has section definition E46 Section Definition CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P59 has section E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P128 carries E90 Symbolic Object CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P156 occupies E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) Q2 occupied SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume CRMgeo version 1.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) P43 has dimension E54 Dimension CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) P101 had as general use E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) P130 shows features of E70 Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E72 Legal Object) P104 is subject to E30 Right CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E72 Legal Object) P105 right held by E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P10 falls within E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P132 overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P133 is separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P160 has temporal projection E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P161 has spatial projection E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a Thing) topObjectProperty Thing The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
E26 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q3 has temporal projection SP13 Phenomenal Time-Span CRMgeo version 1.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q4 has spatial projection SP2 Phenomenal Place CRMgeo version 1.2
E26 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) O15 occupied (was occupied by) E53 Place CRMsci version 1.2.3
E26 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 1.2.3

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E19 Physical Object P56 bears feature E26 Physical Feature CIDOC CRM version 6.2
SP4 Spatial Coordinate Reference System Q8 is fixed on E26 Physical Feature CRMgeo version 1.2

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E1 CRM Entity geovP12 same as E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
E1 CRM Entity geovP13 derived from E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
E1 CRM Entity histP31 time-independent entity association E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, v. 0.1 ongoing
E2 Temporal Entity histP1 involves E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, v. 0.1 ongoing
E2 Temporal Entity histP30 has identity defining component E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, v. 0.1 ongoing
E4 Period P8 took place on or within E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E4 Period Q1 occupied E26 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E5 Event P12 occurred in the presence of E26 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E6 Destruction P13 destroyed E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P16 used specific object E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E8 Acquisition P24 transferred title of E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E10 Transfer of Custody P30 transferred custody of E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E14 Condition Assessment P34 concerned E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P46 is composed of E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing Q2 occupied E26 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E53 Place P157 is at rest relative to E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E63 Beginning of Existence P92 brought into existence E26 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E64 End of Existence P93 took out of existence E26 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E70 Thing P130 shows features of E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E73 Information Object geovP2 mentions E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
E79 Part Addition P111 added E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E80 Part Removal P113 removed E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P123 resulted in E26 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P124 transformed E26 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P10 falls within E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P132 overlaps with E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P133 is separated from E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E93 Presence P166 was a presence of E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
histC1 Time-related Persistent Item Characteristic histP4 pertains to E26 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, v. 0.1 ongoing
histC2 Geographical localisation histP12 is location of E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, v. 0.1 ongoing
Thing topObjectProperty E26 Physical Feature (is a Thing) The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
F29 Recording Event R65 recorded aspects of E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) FRBRoo version 2.4
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
SP3 Reference Space Q6 is at rest in relation to E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMgeo version 1.2
SP7 Declarative Spacetime Volume Q12 approximates E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
histC10 Appellation for language histP9 isAppellationOf E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM Generic Extension for Historical Data Management and Interoperability, v. 0.1 ongoing
S1 Matter Removal O1 diminished (was diminished by) E26 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S2 Sample Taking O3 sampled from (was sample by) E26 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O16 observed value (value was observed by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O8 observed (was observed by) E26 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S6 Data Evaluation O11 described (was described by) E26 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S17 Physical Genesis O17 generated (was generated by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S18 Alteration O18 altered (was altered by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S19 Encounter Event O19 has found object (was object found by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S21 Measurement O24 measured (was measured by) E26 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S22 Segment of Matter O23 is defined by (defines) E26 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMsci version 1.2.3
A4 Stratigraphic Genesis AP9 took matter from E26 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A7 Embedding AP18 is embedding of E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A8 Stratigraphic Unit AP15 is or contains remains of E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
socE Bond socP4 to E26 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
geovC1 [Geovistory] Digital geovP11 refers to E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
D2 Digitization Process L1 digitized E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMdig version 3.2
D2 Digitization Process L60 documents E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object L43 annotates E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
geovC7 Data entity geovP8 corresponds to E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) Geovistory ongoing
socE4 Trigger Event Template socP24 specifies material substantial (is specified material substantial) E26 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing

Profiles using this class

Label Start date End date Last updated
Silknow working profile 2019-09-23
Silknow generic 2019-09-23

Linked classes graph

Use mouse wheel to zoom in/out.

Comments