Physical Thing – E18

E18 Physical Thing

Relations:

Scope note:

This class comprises all persistent physical items with a relatively stable form, man-made or natural. Depending on the existence of natural boundaries of such things, the CRM distinguishes the instances of E19 Physical Object from instances of E26 Physical Feature, such as holes, rivers, pieces of land etc. Most instances of E19 Physical Object can be moved (if not too heavy), whereas features are integral to the surrounding matter. An instance of E18 Physical Thing occupies not only a particular geometric space, but in the course of its existence it also forms a trajectory through spacetime, which occupies a real, that is phenomenal, volume in spacetime. We include in the occupied space the space filled by the matter of the physical thing and all its inner spaces, such as the interior of a box. Physical things consisting of aggregations of physically unconnected objects, such as a set of chessmen, occupy a number of individually contiguous spacetime volumes equal to the number of unconnected objects that constitute the set. We model E18 Physical Thing to be a subclass of E72 Legal Object and of E92 Spacetime volume. The latter is intended as a phenomenal spacetime volume as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr and Hiebel 2013). By virtue of this multiple inheritance we can discuss the physical extent of an E18 Physical Thing without representing each instance of it together with an instance of its associated spacetime volume. This model combines two quite different kinds of substance: an instance of E18 Physical Thing is matter while a spacetime volume is an aggregation of points in spacetime. However, the real spatiotemporal extent of an instance of E18 Physical Thing is regarded to be unique to it, due to all its details and fuzziness; its identity and existence depends uniquely on the identity of the instance of E18 Physical Thing. Therefore this multiple inheritance is unambiguous and effective and furthermore corresponds to the intuitions of natural language. The CIDOC CRM is generally not concerned with amounts of matter in fluid or gaseous states.

Examples:

  • the Cullinan Diamond (E19)
  • the cave “Ideon Andron” in Crete (E26)
  • the Mona Lisa (E22)

In First Order Logic:

  • E18(x) ⊃ E72(x)
  • E18(x) ⊃ E92(x)

Scope Notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises all persistent physical items with a relatively stable form, man-made or natural. Depending on the existence of natural boundaries of such things, the CRM distinguishes the instances of E19 Physical Object from instances of E26 Physical Feature, such as holes, rivers, pieces of land etc. Most instances of E19 Physical Object can be moved (if not too heavy), whereas features are integral to the surrounding matter. An instance of E18 Physical Thing occupies not only a particular geometric space, but in the course of its existence it also forms a trajectory through spacetime, which occupies a real, that is phenomenal, volume in spacetime. We include in the occupied space the space filled by the matter of the physical thing and all its inner spaces, such as the interior of a box. Physical things consisting of aggregations of physically unconnected objects, such as a set of chessmen, occupy a number of individually contiguous spacetime volumes equal to the number of unconnected objects that constitute the set. We model E18 Physical Thing to be a subclass of E72 Legal Object and of E92 Spacetime volume. The latter is intended as a phenomenal spacetime volume as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr and Hiebel 2013). By virtue of this multiple inheritance we can discuss the physical extent of an E18 Physical Thing without representing each instance of it together with an instance of its associated spacetime volume. This model combines two quite different kinds of substance: an instance of E18 Physical Thing is matter while a spacetime volume is an aggregation of points in spacetime. However, the real spatiotemporal extent of an instance of E18 Physical Thing is regarded to be unique to it, due to all its details and fuzziness; its identity and existence depends uniquely on the identity of the instance of E18 Physical Thing. Therefore this multiple inheritance is unambiguous and effective and furthermore corresponds to the intuitions of natural language. The CIDOC CRM is generally not concerned with amounts of matter in fluid or gaseous states. en 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the Cullinan Diamond (E19) the cave “Ideon Andron” in Crete (E26) the Mona Lisa (E22) en WIP 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier : E18

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Materielles * de 2018-06-22 0
Υλικό Πράγμα * el 2018-06-22 0
Physical Thing * en 2018-06-22 0
Chose matérielle * fr 2018-06-22 0
Coisa Material * pt 2018-06-22 0
Физическая Вещь * ru 2018-06-22 0
实体物 * zh 2018-06-22 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2020-08-26

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Comments
E72 Legal Object CIDOC CRM version 6.2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2 0
E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E1 CRM Entity 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E1 CRM Entity 4 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E70 Thing 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E77 Persistent Item 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
C5 Region 2 HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
C5 Region 3 HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace
E19 Physical Object 1 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E20 Biological Object 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E21 Person 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E22 Man-Made Object 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing 1 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E25 Man-Made Feature 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E26 Physical Feature 1 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E27 Site 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E78 Collection 2 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E84 Information Carrier 3 CIDOC CRM version 6.2
F4 Manifestation Singleton 2 FRBRoo version 2.4
F5 Item 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F7 Object 1 FRBRoo version 2.4
F10 Person 4 FRBRoo version 2.4
F53 Material Copy 3 FRBRoo version 2.4
F53 Material Copy 5 FRBRoo version 2.4
F54 Utilized Information Carrier 4 FRBRoo version 2.4
C13 Geographical Place 2 HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
C17 Built work 2 HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing

Related classes

Relation Class Justification Relation defined in View details Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E18 Physical Thing P128 carries (is carried by) E90 Symbolic Object CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P156 occupies (is occupied by) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P17 is composed of part of type (is type of part of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM supplement (HistDMI) ongoing
E18 Physical Thing P44 has condition (is condition of) E3 Condition State CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P45 consists of (is incorporated in) E57 Material CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P46 is composed of (forms part of) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P52 has current owner (is current owner of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P58 has section definition (defines section) E46 Section Definition CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P59 has section (is located on or within) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P10 time-independent entity association E1 CRM Entity HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
E18 Physical Thing (is a E70 Thing) P43 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E70 Thing) P101 had as general use (was use of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E70 Thing) P130 shows features of (features are also found on) E70 Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E72 Legal Object) P104 is subject to (applies to) E30 Right CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E72 Legal Object) P105 right held by (has right on) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P10 falls within (contains) E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P132 overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P133 is separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P160 has temporal projection (is temporal projection of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P161 has spatial projection (is spatial projection of) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E4 Period P8 took place on or within (witnessed) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E6 Destruction P13 destroyed (was destroyed by) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E8 Acquisition P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E10 Transfer of Custody P30 transferred custody of (custody transferred through) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E14 Condition Assessment P34 concerned (was assessed by) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P46 is composed of (forms part of) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E53 Place P157 is at rest relative to (provides reference space for) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E79 Part Addition P111 added (was added by) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E80 Part Removal P113 removed (was removed by) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
F29 Recording Event R65 recorded aspects of (had aspects recorded through) E18 Physical Thing FRBRoo version 2.4
C14 Ownership P8 is ownership of (is owner by) E18 Physical Thing Social and economic life (HistDMI) ongoing
C22 Composition P27 concerns (is concerned by) E18 Physical Thing HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
C22 Composition P28 has part (is part of) E18 Physical Thing HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E1 CRM Entity P10 time-independent entity association E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
E2 Temporal Entity P1 involves E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
E2 Temporal Entity P2 has identity defining component E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
E5 Event P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by (influenced) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P16 used specific object (was used for) E18 Physical Thing (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by (motivated) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned (was assigned by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured (was measured by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified (was classified by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts (is depicted by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents (is documented in) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists (is listed in) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents (has representation) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E63 Beginning of Existence P92 brought into existence (was brought into existence by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E64 End of Existence P93 took out of existence (was taken out of existence by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E70 Thing P130 shows features of (features are also found on) E18 Physical Thing (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P123 resulted in (resulted from) E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P124 transformed (was transformed by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on (supported type creation) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about (is subject of) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to (is referred to by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P10 falls within (contains) E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P132 overlaps with E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P133 is separated from E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E93 Presence P166 was a presence of (had presence) E18 Physical Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
C1 Entity quality (Temporal entity) P22 pertains to E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
C15 Geographical Location (Temporal entity) P17 is location of E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema (is thema of) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to (was assigned by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject (was typical subject of) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named (was named by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
C11 Appellation in a language (Temporal Entity) P11 is appellation for language of (has appellation for language) E18 Physical Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing
C20 Right Holding P31 has subject (is subject of) E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) Social and economic life (HistDMI) ongoing
C23 Use P32 is use of (is used by) E18 Physical Thing (is a E77 Persistent Item) HistDMI – Generic Classes and Properties – ongoing

Profiles using this class

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